Food businesses

Food labelling, packaging and allergens: business

Food labelling

Foods must be accurately labelled to protect consumers and provide them with the right information to make informed food choices. It is an offence to falsely describe foods.

Food labelling requirements are very detailed and dependent on the type of food and how it is packaged and sold. The Business Companion website provides full information on food labelling requirements, including detailed guides relating to:

Food labelling guidance and online training is also provided on the Food Standards Agency website .


About 10 people in the UK die every year due to an allergic reaction to food and many more are admitted to hospital. In many cases the food concerned is from a restaurant or takeaway. 

By law all businesses must provide the consumer with information on 14 specific food allergens used as ingredients or processing aids in foods. Not providing this information is a criminal offence and could cause someone to die. The legislation applies to all foods and drinks, and to both packaged foods/drinks and foods/drinks sold loose.

For full guidance on allergen requirements please see the Business Companion website and the Food Standards Agency website. This guidance also includes allergy training for staff and resources for businesses.

Page last updated: 12 May 2021
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